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Additional Resources

Summary:

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).

Note: This page reflects APA 6, which is now out of date. It will remain online until 2021, but will not be updated. The equivalent APA 7 page can be found here.

It's always best to consult the Publication Manual first for any APA question. If you are using APA style for a class assignment, it's a good idea to consult your professor, advisor, TA, or other campus resources for help with using APA style—they're the ones who can tell you how the style should apply in your particular case.

Print Resources

Here are some print resources for using APA style. The Purdue OWL does not make any profit from nor does it endorse these agencies; links are merely offered for information. Most of these books are probably available in your local library. From the American Psychological Association:

  • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) (ISBN 13: 978-1-4338-0561-5; ISBN 10: 1433805618)
  • Mastering APA Style: Instructor's Resource Guide (ISBN 13: 978-1433805585 ISBN 10: 1433805588)
  • Mastering APA Style: Student's Workbook and Training Guide (ISBN 13: 978-1433805578 ISBN 10: 143380557X)
  • Presenting Your Findings: A Practical Guide for Creating Tables (ISBN 13: 978-1433807053 ISBN 10: 143380705X)
  • Displaying Your Findings: A Practical Guide for Creating Figures, Posters, and Presentations (ISBN 13: 978-1433807077 ISBN 10: 1433807076)

From other publishers:

  • Writing With Style: APA Style Made Easy (ISBN 13: 978-1285077062 ISBN 10: 1285077067)
  • Writing With Style: APA Style for Social Work (ISBN 13: 978-0840031983 ISBN 10: 084003198X)

Online Resources from the APA

Other Online Resources: Documenting and Referencing Sources