Purdue Online Writing Lab College of Liberal Arts
Purdue University College of Liberal Arts
OWL logo

Welcome to the Purdue OWL

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.



Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.


IEEE Overview

This page will introduce you to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style for formatting research papers and citing sources. IEEE – pronounced “I-triple-E” – is a style widely used among all branches of engineering, computer science, and other technological fields.

Though the OWL’s section on IEEE is sufficient for quick reference, if you are writing a lengthy manuscript or dissertation, or if you have detailed questions, you should consult the IEEE Editorial Style Manual, available as a PDF through the organization’s website. Alternately, if you are formatting a paper for submission to a specific organization, publication, or event, refer to the formatting guidelines provided by said organization / publication / event and privilege those guidelines over any found here.

The IEEE section contains the following pages:

General Format

  • Basic formatting and page layout
  • Abstracts, index terms, and other front matter
  • Section headings, appendix headings, and similar
  • Appendices, acknowledgements and other back matter

In-Text Citation

  • Formatting in-text citations
  • Citing within a reference
  • Citing multiple references at once

Reference List

  • Formatting reference page entries
  • General principles for formatting references
  • Specific instructions for formatting references to various media

Tables, Figures, and Equations

  • Distinguishing between tables, figures, and equations
  • Formatting tables appropriately
  • Formatting labels, titles, captions, etc. appropriately
  • Referring to tables, figures, and equations in text.