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Answer : Commas after Introductions Exercise 2

Add introductory commas where they are needed in the following sentences. Can you identify whether the introductory element, if any, is a clause, phrase, or word? If it is a phrase, what kind of phrase is it? Correct answers are in bold.

   P    1. To give Jane a good look at the university, Mr. Benson drove up for the Day on Campus.

introductory infinitive phrase

   C    2. Since the dog had started to run, a way to catch him had to be found.

introductory clause

   P    3. Of course, the movie that I had rushed to see didn't start on time.

introductory prepositional phrase

   N    4. Her secondhand car was in excellent condition when she bought it.

no introductory element

   C    5. As I mentioned, the rules can be broken occasionally.

introductory clause

   P    6. Having decided to eat only natural foods, he had to give up all of his favorite junk food snacks.

introductory participial phrase

   P    7. To estimate the costs, he consulted a repairman by phone.

introductory infinitive phrase

   N    8. To succeed in politics is not necessarily desirable.

no introductory element (The infinitive phrase is the subject of the sentence.)

   P    9. Making up his mind quickly, Jared ordered lasagna while we were still reading the menu.

introductory participial phrase

   C    10. However he tried to use the bottle opener, it wouldn't work.

introductory clause (However is not a transitional word here but the first word of an introductory clause.)

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Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.